x. bCS Hi

            

                Mɪx Iji +nJx Vɶ +{ڴ MɪE ɽɮɹ]i |lɨ +hɱ +{Eɳi ɮ ɽɮɹ] EɤV E, E ɱMvǴx ɮ` MɦڨҴɮ {n{h E +h MԪ ɮv֪x +ʦxɪx - x]ʺEx b ɴɱ, +Mn iɺS |.x..bE x +{ɱ +ɱnnnɪE Hix ɽɮɹ]i BE xɴx {ɴ xɨh Ex nJʴɱ. Hi Eiұ +hxҪ +xn i& xɨ֮n ={ɦMhɮ ixɽ ixɪ Ex ]Ehɮ + +ʦVi H nɮ Eh CSiS Zɱ +. {bi ɺEִ ɮɱ S + Jɺ M +h i `ES inJұ ʺEx +{ڴ +xn nPEɱ ni ɽ - |. bE  S Jx +Mn iɶS iS +i&EhS EV Pi.

'+EE, fMnɮ HiS +Vb ʶɱ{Eɮ' hxS |. bE S M Eɴ M. nɮ, ɴhҪ, xɯ{ɨ +xn nhɮ H |. bE S Ei 1920 i 1960 {ɪi Cni Sfi fi ʽ. i  Evҽ =hɴɱ xɽ. ElEɮ, EnɮEɮ, ɨIE hx {. bE x E䱪 Eɪ<iES Hi ES Ijiұ EɨMɮҽ EiEɺ{n, Mɺ{n +ɽ.

                +{ɱ hh |ɦɴ{h bhɮ, iS x VEhɮ H Eɽ VxVi Mh P>x Vxɴ Mi JɮS +ɽ. {h =kɨ H hEʮi xɺMnk Mhxɽ +ɺ{ڴE { {bɴ Mii. Si֮j H hɺ`, Vɮ iS +i&Eh VEhɺ`, nɮ Hi {nxɺ` +ɺ +h |ɪix E {ʽV. Hi Mɪx, nx, xi, x] ƺɮJS BE ` ʱi E +ɽ. iS ={ɺx, +ɮvx +{h E {ʽV S x bCx i. Ei +{h |ɴh {nx E {ʽV + <SU bCS `Eh xɨh Zɱ i 1911 ɱ ix ʮ] VɪES Jx BE iɴ.

                " HiEi |ɴh {nɴ + <SU Z xi ʴɶix E =i{z Zɱ i ` Mi. i䴽 VɪES i ɹhSS +`h ɱ i. iɴ ]E, ʶɴɮɨ{i {ɮV{, l+Һ] S{ɳhE, + +xE xhɴɱ䱪 CiS ɹh ɺi Jx ɱi +ɨɱ BEɪɱ ʨɳi +i. {ɮi VɪES ɹhS Zɴɮ ʴɶ {ʮhɨ Zɱ, JɮS. Jx BEi BEi ɮɴx Vh, jɨMv h hV Eɪ +i, i ɱ iS ɹhS nɶ {ʽn E."

                                                         x..bE

                                                     'Z VҴx - BE Enɮ'  

|. bE +{ɱɱ Jxɨvx Eɪ bɪS +ɽ i E bɪS +ɽ S ɴMx +v ʴSɮ Ex `i. +{ɱ Jx xVE iɺS v|n Zɱ {ʽV S nIi Pi. ɹhɱ |ɮ Eix 'ʨjɽ !' + ix +ɴɽx Ei. i +ɴɽxi +VǴ +, |ɺzi, Pɴ{h +. i ɤnSSɮ iɨv +h iSɨv BE xv xɨh E. +{ɱ ɹhS |ɮ i l{h Ei. ɮ` ɹɮ iS +ɨx |ɦi i ʴɴSx Eix +xE ɨ{E ɤn i ɽVix Vi. iS vnұ +h ɴx i Jֱɴi +i. =kVi Ei. +{ɱ HiɶS +ɺn Pi Pi i&S Mx Vi. ixɽ ʽi Ei. ii lb ɴv{hɽ +. x >x, Z{]x V>x, +ɪi S i h |Eɮ ix +ɴbi xɺ. V ɪS i +v ʴSɮ Ex, `x MS i i. iS ɤnSSɮ ʴʶɹ] +Pi P>xS <. iEvni vnSi֪ {hɱ ɴx BJt xɹhi EɺɮJ i +{ɱ V {]x ni +h |i{Iɱ xɨ Ex ]Ei. iS Jx hV BE S +. ɦM޽iɱ ɮ iɴɮh +ni |ɺzix ɰx V<.... BJt Mhɺ{z MɪEx +{ɱ PɮhS MɪE ɤnSSɮ, ڮ, ɪ S xɮ ʨɸh Ei BJn M Mh, Eɮ, Sixɨɪ Ex nJɴɴ iɶS Eɪ |. bE S Jxi <. ʴuk, ʺEi S EiE Mɨ iS Jxi Zɱ + - i iS HiSS BE M i !

                . E. IҮMɮx + ] +ɽ E 'bCS BE <] Jx BE xɽ  BfS xɴ iɮ bCS BE Jx <] Zɱ nJұ BE xɽ.'

                {ɮi iS +xE Jx{E ix i& |ɪ ]hɮ V Jx +ɽi i{E BE hV ix 26 bɮ 1939 ɱ xix ɮ` ʴtɱɪi ƨxS +vI{nɴɮ n ɹh. ɹhʴɹɪ bE hii,

                "xix ɮ` ʴtɱɪ ɳʴɹɪ Z xi +ii ɮ ɴx i, +h +ɽi. ƺlʴɹɪ ʴSɮ E Mɱ E Z +i&Eh BEn nMni i.... iɨֳ ƨxiɱ i Jx nix ɱ Ev xɴ + MʽɮS +x֦ɴ +ɱ.'

                                              x..bE

                                     'Z ʽiɺiұ i' M 3

+i {ɽ JxS Eɽ M :

                lb {ڴ {]MhS nɮɶ Mbix =iɮ i䴽 BE M޽l xɨɺEɮ Ex ZVɴɳ +ɱ Ʀɹh Ei Ei ɱ hɱ, '+V +ɨS ɳS MS nɺ +ɱ + +ɨ ɨVi.' ], 'i E ?' i䴽 i hɱ, 'i֨SɺɮJ xxxҪ {ɽh +V +vI ɦɱ, +ɨS ` M xɴ Eɪ ? iɴɮ +vE =kɮ x Ei ɱ {f ZƱ. {ɮi xiɱ xi ], 'xxxҪ {ɽh' + x ɱ E ɮ hɴ ? +VS ɨɮi Vɮ +vI +ɱ iɮ Z ʨE xxxҪ {ɽhS xɽ. Eɮh xxxҪ +x - +x xɴ +ɽS - {ɮi {ɽh JSi xɽ. ɳS V ʴtl +ɽ. ɳ Z +ɽ. iҺ ɹx Z ɳi +V {ɮi i +ɽ. Z +<DZ ]hɺ` Pɮ {ɮi +ɱ +ɽ. + Z k EƽӶ M˽ɰx +ɱ iɮ i ɽVES ."

                M˽ɮ +ɴɯx vɮ E Z xi |lɨ V BE ʴSɮ i i EƽӺ MɨiS +ɽ. ɽ M ֱM EiE ɹx V䴽 Pɮ {ɮi >x +{ɱ +<DZ ]i i䴽 i ` Zɱ +i, {ɮi iS +< lE +i. {h Z +h Z +<S +VS ]ұ xɪ ֳS M {bi xɽ. Eɮh ` Zɱ +ɽ, {ɮi Z +< nɳ Zɱ xɽ.

=] i Ei iɮ ` +h of Zɱ ɱ ni. iS Ei nMi {ɺɮ +ɽ + ɱ +fi, +h i =kɮkɮ +S +vE {ɺɮhɮ S {ɹ] Sx ɱ VEb iEb nii. Z ɳS BE {j hxS xɴ iɮ BE Eiiɶɱ

{j hx iS ]ұ +V +ɱ, +h {ɽi i Zʽ{I Ei iɮ {]x +vE ` Z ɳ Zɱ +ɽ. Z ʴtlniɱ ɳS κli +h +VS iS ɴ { S iֱx |ɺM xi +ɱɴSx ɽi xɽ; +h iֱxx +i&Ehɱ ʴɱIh +xn i. Z ʴtlni {ɴ< l]S BE Vx bi ɳ i. Mi =Vb iSS + iɨֳ Z ɮJ JbE ʴtlS ` i +. MS Sɮ ˦ix ]Ex ES BES S M b +. ɪS ɤii i E +ɨS{I Ei iɮ r +i, +h EiE ES {ɪ ɤi xɺi. Һ ]S Ji ɽV ɺiұ fS Mɳ ʨɳx ɳiұ ʶIE +i +h ʴtlS J Vi Sɮ{ɪi +. +VS κli Ei xɮɳ ! +ɨS ]ES Mi ViE ʴtl +i iɽx +vE ʶIE +V ɳi +ɽi; +h iʽ ɴ iɨJ, Ub x ɮhɮ, ֱƶ JҨx Mhɮ, +h ʶIhS +vxE E{xx ɮɴɱ +ɽi. +V ɳS <ɮi Ef ʴɺih +ɽ. +ɨS ɳS ƨx BE nhJxi ɮi +. +V ʴɺih b{ɽ +{֮ {bi +ɽ. + |Eɮ Z +< ɴMx of +h ɴ Zɱ ɱ ni. VS Ei iS {jx ɮii SɽEb {ɺɮɱ +ɽ, V ɽS xɴ iɮ ɤv <JS ڹh Zɱ +ɽ, + ɳS V ʴtl +ɽ +ʦɨxɺ{n E{xS +xnx Z +i&Eh ɰx i !"

bCS MVɱ䱪 +xE Jx{E BE hV 1939ɱ 21 V ix ɺi Jxɨɱi n 'Miiұ xɴɨiɴn' ʴɹɪɴɮS Jx. Jxɨɱ iiɺɽ EE +vI i +h MiS ʴɹɪɴɮ Vɴɳ Vɴɳ b ix Vɮ Eƺɨ bCx n䱪 JxɺɮJ Jx {ڴ Ev Zɱ xɴi +h +Vx{ɪi iɮ {x Ev Zɱ xɽ.

Jxiұ Eɽ M :

Miiұ xɴɨiɴn

ɨVE {xP]xS E]ɴɴɺl, Mxɺƺl, v̨E ɨVi SiS Eɳ ɽxɨ` n Pbii + xɴ-xɴ, BfS M] nɱ, iɮ ɨVE {xP]x +{֮ ɽx iSix =nɴh- ɨVE HE Ehiɽ ` Mh =ƴSx ɽhɮ xɽ. E]ɴɴɺl, Mxɺƺl v̨E +SɮʴSɮ S|ɨhS ʶIh{ri, xɪnx{ri, {ɮ, ʶɹ]Sɮ iʽ +ɴɶE i ɮ Eh +{ʮɪ +i. <iES xɴ, iɮ xֹS =nxɴǽɶ MIɶ Ƥv +ɱ䱪 ʴʴv Ij|ɨhS iS EiE +xnɶ V V ɺjS, ʴtS- ES E+vE Ƥv +ɽ iiʽ Vɯ i vɮh EɴSx Sɱi xɽ. Vx ]Ex +Mɮ nx xɴS ={G EhS <SUS |ɪixS |ɴ i Iji ɴ S ʽiS +ɽ. +li ɨVS v̨E Vʴiɤq xɴɨiɴn =i{z h ViE ɽVE +ɽ, iiES V ʱiE{ɺx ɨViұ Vɮ j{֯ +xnS +ɱnS +{I Eʮii i EƤqʽ xɴɨiɴnS =nɴ h ɽVE +ɽ.

                i䴽 'Miiұ xɴɨiɴn' ɤn|ɪM Ex {bɤɮɮ +ɶSɪ EhS +Mɮ ʤSEhS EƽS Eɮh xɽ. ɨVS ni {ʮκli|ɨh Vx +Sɮ +{֮ i{nɪE ] Mɴi xɴ +SɮS MɮV ɺ Mɴ =iGxiS |MiS ɨx xɪɨ xֹS xVxɺ EVx +xnɺɽ M +ɽ. ɽx ֱx V ɺi{ɺx +xn i +Mɮ iS V M]S Mx EhE i i M] ɺi `{h iS x ʮZɴ Ei xɽi. HʴEɺS ɤiiɱ lڱ xɪɨ ɨVɱʽ M +ɽ. Ehiʽ ɨVS =iGiS <iɽɺ +{h {ʽ iɮ +{ɱɱ + +fx <DZ E +lE {ʮκliS {ʮixɨֳ iS E{xʽ V|ɨh nii, i|ɨh iS  xVxS E{xʽ ni Vii- ɨV ֺƺEi Zɱ E ʱiES =n i. xֹɱ +xnS |{i Ex nh ES J EiǴ v +i. {ɮi xֹS +xnS E{x {ʮκli|ɨh

ni Vɴ G|{i +ɱɨֳ Ehiʽ ES ɯ{ iS VxEɳ Vɺ i iɺS x ]E C xɽ.

                Ehiʽ ɨVE +Mɮ HE ɴɽɮi Vx +SɮʴSɮ x&i +h i{nɪE ` Mɱ E iS VM xɴ +SɮʴSɮS ={G E {ʽV xɴɨiɴniұ vɴi j +ɽ +h BJn xɴɨiɴn V䴽 +{ɱ MiS ʴSɮ Ei i䴽 i S jS E]Ҵɮ MiʴɹɪE |ɶx Pɺx {ɽi.

xɴɨiɴtS ʨE

+{ɱ MiS ɺjɶ +Mɮ iS lҤqS +ʦɨxɶ ʴɺMi + EhiS Mh xɴɨiɴn Ei xɽi. +{ɱ Mii x E iS nV nɴi E MɴɴɺlS |ɨh ZMɯx tɴ E ɮS nҺƴni +x Eɴ E +ɱ{ʴɺiɮS `i E Jɴ + xɴɨiɴtS ֳS hh xɽ. ɮiҪ Mi +ii ` +ɽ q xɴɨiɴtx {h +ʦɨx +ɽ. xɴ Eɳiɱ xɴ MɮVx xix MiY ʤSEii, iɮ =] +{ɱ ɮiҪ Mi xɴ MɮV =kɨ i-x Mɴh<iE Vɴi +h {z +ɽ + xɴɨiɴtS r +ɽ i nx Eɴix J]{] E {ʽV + i hii. Miiɱ Eƽ {֮ix f Ei +l x +ɱ VSE > Mɱ +ɱ iɮ i ]Ex nhiS +{ɱ MiS ʽi +ɽ +h xɴ ES =nɨֳ ES xVxS E{xi n Zɱɨֳ Eƽ xɴ +Sɮ Mii +hhS +ɴɶEi ɺ Mɱ + iɮ iS ii{ɮix Eɱx ={G EhiS +{ɱ MiS Jɮ |iɹ` |Mi +ɽ. ɮƶ, +{ɱ Mii vɮh ɴ hhS +l iS iii +Mɮ +ɱ ɯ{i E Eɴ + xɺx iS +ʴɹEɮi +Sɮi Vhi +ɱ + iɮ i ]Eɴ +h xɴ Eɳɱ M + xɴ{h +hɴ BfS iS +l +ɽ.